It was called pork barrel spending a tit for tat system that oiled the wheels and made the whole thing work. Those days are over and guess what nothing big ever gets done again. The congress moves very slowly or not at all. It has turned into a game of Us versus them where the American people get caught in the crossfire.
Whoever would of thought back in the days that pork was saw as an evil that stopping that evil would completely derail the whole political system. The days of compromise are over with no cards to deal with the game has come to a halt.